Antique Indian Amulet, 19th c. Silver Hoi Mata, Rajasthan, India, 10.5 Grams
This a late 19th century silver round (mandala) shape amulet. The circular forms repel evil spirits who dare not enter them. This 19th century, sterling silver die-stamped amulet pendant is of a folk image of Goddess or Hoi Mata inside the shape of a five-sided, peaked pentagon form, which symbolizes a temple (mandir).
Hoi Mata is one of the many mother Goddess forms worshiped throughout India, presiding over the well being of the family. She is very often identified as a form of Shakti and is worshipped during Hoi Ashtami festival. Hoi Mata images can be found in villages and cities of Rajasthan, Punjab, Harayna and Utta Pradesh. The mud walls of rural homes are painted on festivals, and for worshipping Hoi or Ahoi, the goddess whose blessings are invoked for the well-being and protection of children by their mothers. Hoi is also worshipped as Sanjhi in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and Himachal Pradesh, where young girls pray to her to secure good husbands. The amulet has a large sturdy bale, and a decorative chased border.
The swastika (Sanskrit svastika, “all is well”) is a cross with four arms of equal length, with the ends of each arm bent at a right angle. Sometimes dots are added between each arm as is the design engraved around the Devi on this amulet. The swastika is an ancient symbol that has been found worldwide, but it is especially common in India. Its name comes the Sanskrit word svasti (sv = well;asti= is), meaning good fortune, luck and well-being. The amulet has been strung on a new black Indian traditional handmade cotton thread cord with a looped end. It has been silver tested for sterling silver. This is an original antique worn collection piece in good condition, but with age shows signs of ritual rubbing and wear around the outer edge.
Weight : 10.5 Grams (0.375oz.)
Height: 6 cm (2 ¼”)
Width: 5 cm (2”)
Tested Si lver high grade 92.5% plus
There is a similar Amulet plaque illustrated and documented in the Victoria & Albert Museum Collection Reference No. IS.70-1960